Bactericidal and Fungicidal Activity in the Gas Phase of Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC)
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Sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) is usually employed as a disinfectant for the treatment of water, environmental surfaces and medical equipment principally for its effectiveness as a microbicide agent. In this study, we explore the possibility of a new use for NaDCC by investigating the microbicidal activity of chlorine, which derives from the hydrolysis of NaDCC mediated by air humidity, and by testing its effect on the neutralization of microbes present in domestic waste. NaDCC was inserted in a plastic garbage can where LB agar plates, with different dilutions of a known title of four different microorganisms (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Debaryomyces hansenii and Aspergillus brasiliensis), were weakly inserted. The molecular chlorine (Cl2) levels present in the garbage can were quantified using an iodometric titration. The gas emitted in the garbage can presented a strong microbicide effect, inhibiting the proliferation of all four microorganisms and for four consecutive weeks, thus showing that NaDCC hydrolysis, mediated by air humidity, is able to ensure the decontamination of restricted environments, avoiding the proliferation of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as fungi.
KeywordsNaDCC Decontamination Waste management Microbicide agent Gas phase Molecular chlorine
This work was financially supported by Cleprin srl (Sessa Aurunca, CE, Italy) and by Fondi di Ateneo per la Ricerca di Base (FARB 2013), University of Salerno (Fisciano, SA, Italy). We would also like to thank Luciana Borrelli for her accurate scientific editing service (www.thesmartoctopus.com).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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