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Current Microbiology

, Volume 71, Issue 2, pp 220–228 | Cite as

Marine Oil-Degrading Microorganisms and Biodegradation Process of Petroleum Hydrocarbon in Marine Environments: A Review

  • Jianliang Xue
  • Yang Yu
  • Yu Bai
  • Liping WangEmail author
  • Yanan Wu
Article

Abstract

Due to the toxicity of petroleum compounds, the increasing accidents of marine oil spills/leakages have had a significant impact on our environment. Recently, different remedial techniques for the treatment of marine petroleum pollution have been proposed, such as bioremediation, controlled burning, skimming, and solidifying. (Hedlund and Staley in Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51:61–66, 2001). This review introduces an important remedial method for marine oil pollution treatment—bioremediation technique—which is considered as a reliable, efficient, cost-effective, and eco-friendly method. First, the necessity of bioremediation for marine oil pollution was discussed. Second, this paper discussed the species of oil-degrading microorganisms, degradation pathways and mechanisms, the degradation rate and reaction model, and the factors affecting the degradation. Last, several suggestions for the further research in the field of marine oil spill bioremediation were proposed.

Keywords

PAHs Petroleum Hydrocarbon Cycloalkane Petroleum Compound Petroleum Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51408347 and 21307149), the Key Laboratory of Marine Spill Oil Identification and Damage Assessment Technology, SOA (Grant No. 201407), Scientific Research Foundation of Shandong University of Science and Technology for Recruited Talents (Grant No. 2014RCJJ018), and the excellent young and middle-aged scientists of Shandong Province (Grant No. BS2013NJ019). Liping Wang was supported by NHMRC Grant (1094606).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianliang Xue
    • 1
  • Yang Yu
    • 2
  • Yu Bai
    • 3
  • Liping Wang
    • 4
    Email author
  • Yanan Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Laboratory Technician, Citic Pacific Mining Management Pty LtdKarrathaAustralia
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic ChemistryResearch Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Pharmacy and Medical SciencesUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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