Citrobacter bitternis sp. nov. Isolated from Bitterns
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In this study, we reported two gram-negative bacteria that were isolated from bitterns, designated as SKKU-TP7T and SKKU-TP20, representing a novel species of Citrobacter. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences, the two strains were found to be closely related and showed the highest pairwise similarity with Citrobacter farmeri CDC 2992-81T (97.1–97.3 %) and other Citrobacter species. Cellular fatty acid analysis revealed that the profiles of strains SKKU-TP7T and SKKU-TP20 were similar to those of related species of Citrobacter. The major cellular fatty acids were C16:0 (31.5 %), summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c, C16:1 ω6c, 19.7 %), summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c, C18:1 ω6c, 11.9 %), C17:0 cyclo (10.7 %), and summed feature 2 (C12:0 aldehyde/unknown 10928, 9.5 %). Although the strains could utilize sucrose and raffinose as a carbon source, they did not produce ornithine decarboxylase and urease. The biochemical and genotypic characteristics indicate that strains SKKU-TP7T and SKKU-TP20 represent a novel species of Citrobacter, for which the name Citrobacter bitterns sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SKKU-TP7T (=KCTC 42139T = JCM 30009T).
KeywordsXylitol Cellular Fatty Acid Amygdalin Sorbose Aesculin
This study was supported partially by Samsung Biomedical Research Institute (Seoul, Kore).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.
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