ClpP Affects Biofilm Formation of Streptococcus mutans Differently in the Presence of Cariogenic Carbohydrates Through Regulating gtfBC and ftf
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The abilities to form biofilms on teeth surface and to metabolize a wide range of carbohydrates are key virulence attributes of Streptococcus mutans. ClpP has been proved to play an important role in biofilm development in streptococci. Here we demonstrated that ClpP was involved in biofilm formation of S. mutans. ClpP inactivation resulted in enhanced biofilm formation or initial cell adherence in broth supplemented with sucrose, while reduced in broth supplemented with glucose or fructose. Our results also indicated that the enhanced capacities of biofilm formation and initial cell adherence were achieved through regulating the expression of a number of extracellular sucrose-metabolizing enzymes, such as glucosyltransferases (GTFB and GTFC) at early-exponential growth phase and fructosyltransferase at late-exponential growth phase in the presence of sucrose.
The authors would like to thank S. Hou for technical assistance and Q. Xu and H. Rao for critically reading the manuscript. This work was supported through funding from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81000762), the Natural Science Foundation (No. 2010D018) of Fujian Province, China.
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
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