Current Microbiology

, Volume 65, Issue 6, pp 742–751 | Cite as

A Model of Proteolysis and Amino Acid Biosynthesis for Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus in Whey

  • Enuo Liu
  • Huajun Zheng
  • Pei Hao
  • Tomonobu Konno
  • Yao Yu
  • Hisae Kume
  • Munehiro Oda
  • Zai-Si JiEmail author


Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus 2038 (L. bulgaricus 2038) is a bacterium that is used as a starter for dairy products by Meiji Co., Ltd of Japan. Culturing L. bulgaricus 2038 with whey as the sole nitrogen source results in a shorter lag phase than other milk proteins under the same conditions (carbon source, minerals, and vitamins). Microarray results of gene expression revealed characteristics of amino acid anabolism with whey as the nitrogen source and established a model of proteolysis and amino acid biosynthesis for L. bulgaricus. Whey peptides and free amino acids are readily metabolized, enabling rapid entry into the logarithmic growth phase. The oligopeptide transport system is the primary pathway for obtaining amino acids. Amino acid biosynthesis maintains the balance between amino acids required for cell growth and the amount obtained from environment. The interconversion of amino acids is also important for L. bulgaricus 2038 growth.


Lactic Acid Bacterium Amino Acid Biosynthesis Glycolytic Intermediate Amino Acid Permease Lactobacillus Bulgaricus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Dr. Huasheng Xiao of the Shanghai Biochip Center for his assistance in the microarray experiments.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 48 kb)
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Supplementary material 5 (PDF 50 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enuo Liu
    • 1
    • 4
  • Huajun Zheng
    • 2
    • 5
  • Pei Hao
    • 3
  • Tomonobu Konno
    • 4
  • Yao Yu
    • 3
  • Hisae Kume
    • 4
  • Munehiro Oda
    • 1
  • Zai-Si Ji
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Graduate School of Bioresource SciencesNihon UniversityFujisawaJapan
  2. 2.Shanghai-MOST Key Laboratory of Health and Disease GenomicsChinese National Human Genome Center at ShanghaiShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Systems Biology/Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Division of Research and DevelopmentMeiji Co., Ltd.OdawaraJapan
  5. 5.WHO Collaborating Centre for Research in Human ReproductionShanghaiChina

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