The Lysis System of the Streptomyces aureofaciens Phage μ1/6
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Previously, two genes, designated as lyt and hol, were identified in the lysis module of phage μ1/6. They were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. An additional candidate holin gene, hol2, was found downstream from the hol gene based on one predicted transmembrane domain and a highly charged C-terminal sequence of the encoded protein. Expression of hol or hol2 in E. coli was shown to cause cell death. The concomitant expression of λ endolysin (R) and μ1/6 holin resulted in cell lysis. Similarly, the coexpression of the endolysin and holin of phage μ1/6 led to lysis, apparently due to the ability of μ1/6 endolysin to hydrolyze the peptidoglycan layer of this bacterium. In contrast, the simultaneous expression of μ1/6 hol2 and the endolysin gene (λR or μ1/6 lyt) did not cause detectable lysis of the host cells. Demonstration of the holin function in streptomycetes was achieved by providing for the release of μ1/6 endolysin to the periplasm and subsequent cleavage of the peptidoglycan, which strongly suggested that the holin produces lesions in the streptomycete membrane.
KeywordsApramycin Endolysin Thiostrepton Lysis Gene Concomitant Expression
This work was supported by VEGA grant no. 2/0121/25 of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.
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