The Mathematical Intelligencer

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 19–26 | Cite as

Gender Gaps in Science: The Creativity Factor



Mathematical Intelligencer Creative Thinking Hard Science Woman Scientist Exploration Inventory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [Ad]
    Alfred Adler, “Mathematics and creativity”, The New Yorker Magazine (February 19, 1972)Google Scholar
  2. [An]
    Mike Antonucci, “Sparks Fly”, Stanford Magazine March/April 2011, 1-6, (accessed January 26, 2012)
  3. [BK]
    John Baer and James C. Kaufman, “Gender differences in creativity”, Journal of Creative Behavior 42(2), 75–105 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [Ba]
    Lotte Bailyn, (accessed January 26, 2012)
  5. [BL]
    David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton, Gender Gap: the Biology of Male-Female Differences, Transaction Publishers (2001)Google Scholar
  6. [BMS]
    James P. Byrnes, David C. Miller, and William D. Schafer, “Gender Differences in Risk Taking: A Meta-Analysis”, Psychological Bulletin, 125(3), 367–383 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [Br]
    Tim Brown, TED lecture “Serious Play”, Art Center Design Conference May 2008, (accessed January 26, 2012)
  8. [Col]
    Susan Jane Colley, Review of “The Mathematics of Sex”, American Mathematical Monthly 118, 379–382 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. [CIWS]
    Cornell Institute for Women in Science, (accessed January 26, 2012)
  10. [Cr]
    Gary Cross, Men to Boys: The Making of Modern Immaturity, Columbia University Press (2008)Google Scholar
  11. [CW1]
    Stephen J. Ceci and Wendy M. Williams (Editors), Why Aren’t More Women in Science? Top Researchers Debate the Evidence, American Psychological Association (2006)Google Scholar
  12. [CW2]
    Stephen J. Ceci and Wendy M. Williams, “Sex Differences in Math-Intensive Fields”, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19(5), 275–279 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [CW3]
    Stephen J. Ceci and Wendy M. Williams, The Mathematics of Sex: How Biology and Society Conspire to Limit Talented Women and Girls, Oxford University Press (2010)Google Scholar
  14. [CW4]
    Stephen J. Ceci and Wendy M. Williams, “Understanding Current Causes of Women’s Underrepresentation in Science”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (February 7, 2011)Google Scholar
  15. [CWB]
    Stephen J. Ceci, Wendy M. Williams, and Susan M. Barnett, “Women’s Underrepresentation in Science: Sociocultural and Biological Considerations”, Psychological Bulletin 135, 218–261 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [FBAM]
    Adrian Furnham, Mark Batey, Katen Anand, and James Manfield, “Personality, hypomania, intelligence and creativity”, Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1060–1069 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [GK]
    Ann Gallagher and James Kaufman, Gender Differences in Mathematics, Cambridge University Press (2005)Google Scholar
  18. [GL]
    Matthew W. Gallagher and Shane J. Lopez, “Curiosity and well-being”, The Journal of Positive Psychology 2(4), 236–248 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [Ha]
    Laurilyn J. Harris, “Two sexes in the mind: perceptual and creative differences between women and men”, The Journal of Creative Behavior, 23(1), 14–25 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [He]
    Reuben Hersh, “Under-represented, then over-represented: a memoir of Jews in American mathematics”, College Mathematics Journal 41(1), 2–9 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [Ho]
    Alice S. Honig, “Promoting Creativity, Giftedness, and Talent in Young Children in Preschool and School Situations”, in M. Bloom & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.), Promoting Creativity across the Life Span, 83–125, CWLA Press (2001)Google Scholar
  22. [KM]
    Jonathan M. Kane and Janet E. Mertz, “Debunking myths about gender and mathematics performance”, Notices of the American Mathematical Society 59(1), 10–21 (2012)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [KRF]
    Todd B. Kashdan, Paul Rose, and Frank D. Fincham, “Curiosity and Exploration: Facilitating Positive Subjective Experiences and Personal Growth Opportunities”, Journal of Personality Assessment 82(3), 291–305 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [Le]
    David Leonhardt, “Why are men happier than women?” New York Times, September 25, 2007, (accessed January 26, 2012)
  25. [Li]
    Daniel E. Lieberman, “Our Hunter-Gatherer Bodies”, New York Times, May 13, 2011, (accessed January 26, 2012)
  26. [MR]
    Charalampos Mainemelis and Sarah Ronson, “Ideas are born in fields of play: Towards a theory of play and creativity in organizational settings”, Research in Organizational Behavior, 27, 81–131 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [NSF1]
    National Science Foundation, “Advance Program”, (accessed January 26, 2012)
  28. [NSF2]
    National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. 2011. Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2011. Special Report NSF 11-309. Arlington, VA, (accessed January 26, 2012)
  29. [NSF3]
    National Science Foundation, Professional Opportunities for Women in Research and Education (POWRE), (accessed January 26, 2012)
  30. [P1]
    Jane Piirto, “Why are there so few? (Creative women: Visual artists, mathematicians, musicians)”, Roeper Review 13(3), 142–147 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [P2]
    Jane Piirto, Understanding Creativity, Great Potential Press (2004)Google Scholar
  32. [RB]
    Jan-Erik Ruth and James E. Birren, “Creativity in adulthood and old age: Relation to intelligence, sex, and mode of testing”, International Journal of Behavorial Development 8, 99–101 (1985)Google Scholar
  33. [RH]
    Betty B. Rossman, and John L. Horn, “Cognitive, Motivational and Temperamental Indicants of Creativity and Intelligence”, Journal of Educational Measurement, 9(4), 265–286 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [Sc]
    Londa Schiebinger, “Changing assumptions”, Book Review of Why Aren’t More Women in Science? Top Researchers Debate the Evidence, and Motherhood, the Elephant in the Laboratory: Women Scientists Speak Out, American Scientist 96(5) p 428 (Sept/Oct 2008), (accessed January 26, 2012)
  35. [Sp]
    Terry Speed, “Gender Equity”, IMS Bulletin 40, p 13 (August 2011)Google Scholar
  36. [UCB]
    Sponsored Projects Office, University of California, Berkeley “Funding opportunities for women and minorities”, (accessed January 26, 2012)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations