Therapeutic efficacy of vinorelbine against pediatric and adult central nervous system tumors
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Purpose: The activity of vinorellbine, a new semisynthetic vinca alkaloid, was evaluated against a battery of human tumor xenografts derived from adult and pediatric CNS malignancies. Methods: Tumors included adult high-grade gliomas (D-54 MG, D-245 MG), childhood high-grade gliomas (D-212 MG, D-456 MG), medulloblastomas (D-341 MED, D-487 MED), ependymomas (D-612 EP, D-528 EP), and a mismatch repair-deficient procarbazine-resistant glioma [D-245 MG (PR)]. Tumors were grown subcutaneously in athymic nude mice and vinorelbine was administered at a dose of 11 mg/kg on days 1, 5, and 9. Additionally, vinorelbine was also administered in combination with BCNU against D-54 MG. Results: Vinorelbine produced statistically significant growth delays in D-456 MG, D-245 MG, and D-245 MG (PR). No statistically significant growth delays were observed in D-54 MG, D-487 MED, D-212 MG, D-528 EP, D-341 MED or D-612 EP. The antitumor effects of the vinorelbine/BCNU combination were additive. Growth delays observed in the procarbazine-resistant line [D-245 MG (PR)] were greater than twofold the delays seen in the parent line (D-245 MG). Vincristine was equally potent against D-245 MG and D-245 MG (PR). Taxol demonstrated little activity against D-245 MG but produced 32- and 18-day growth delays in D245 MG (PR). Conclusions: These studies indicate that vinorelbine possesses antitumor activity against several glioma tumor xenografts with marked activity in a mismatch repair deficient-tumor.
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