Knockdown of long non-coding HOTAIR enhances the sensitivity to progesterone in endometrial cancer by epigenetic regulation of progesterone receptor isoform B
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Progesterone, particularly medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) has been mainly used for young endometrial carcinoma (EC) patients with conservative treatment. However, its treatment benefits are limited by insensitivity or acquired resistance. In this study, we aim to investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA HOTAIR on progesterone sensitivity in endometrial cancer, as well as the underlying mechanisms.
The expression of HOTAIR was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The impact of MPA on the endometrial cancer cells was examined by MTT, colony formation, apoptosis-related protein detection and flow cytometry. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was performed to detect the regulatory mechanism between HOTAIR and progesterone receptor B (PRB). We further confirm the function of HOTAIR in vivo though xenograft tumor assay.
We found that HOTAIR inversely correlated with PRB expression in endometrial carcinoma. Knockdown of HOTAIR promoted the MPA sensitivity by upregulating PRB, which can be largely reversed by PRB downregulation. Moreover, inhibiting LSD1, a HOTAIR-associated protein that removed activating H3K4me2 chromatin marks, induced PRB expression and promoted apoptosis induced by MPA. We further showed that silencing HOTAIR strengthened the H3K4me2 occupation on the promotor of PRB.
Our findings provide compelling evidence that HOTAIR and LSD1 collaboratively repress PRB expression and thus mediate progesterone sensitivity in endometrial carcinoma cells. HOTAIR is a potential predictor for progesterone response in EC and down-regulated expression of HOTAIR might be an effective strategy for overcoming progesterone resistance.
KeywordsEndometrial cancer HOTAIR Progesterone sensitivity Epigenetic modification
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants and animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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