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Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

, Volume 83, Issue 1, pp 1–15 | Cite as

Awakening the “guardian of genome”: reactivation of mutant p53

  • Akshay Binayke
  • Sarthak Mishra
  • Prabhat Suman
  • Suman Das
  • Harish ChanderEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

The role of tumor suppressor protein p53 is undeniable in the suppression of cancer upon oncogenic stress. It induces diverse conditions such as cell-cycle arrest, cell death, and senescence to protect the cell from carcinogenesis. The rate of mutations in p53 gene nearly accounts for 50% of the human cancers. Upon mutations, the conformation gets altered and becomes non-native. Mutant p53 displays long half-life and accumulates in the nucleus and interacts with oncoproteins to promote carcinogenesis and these interactions present a formidable challenge for clinicians in therapy of the disease. Variety of approaches have been developed, through which native-like function of p53 can be restored, such as restoration of the native-like structure of p53, activating the p53 family members, etc. Modern scientific techniques have led to the discovery of a variety of molecules to reactivate mutant p53 and restore its transcriptional activity. These compounds include small molecules, various peptides, and phytochemicals. In this review article, we comprehensively discuss these molecules to reactivate mutant p53 to restore the normal function with a particular focus on molecular mechanisms.

Keywords

Mutant p53 Reactivation Gain-of-function Cancer therapy Drug target 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge Department of Science and Technology-Science and Engineering Research Board (DST-SERB), Government of India for extramural Research Grant (EMR/2015/000761) to H. C. and Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, India for additional support.

Funding

This study was funded by the Department of Science and Technology-Science and Engineering Research Board, (DST-SERB), Government of India (EMR/2015/000761).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Author AB declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author SM declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author PS declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author SD declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author HC declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Department of Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine, School of Health SciencesCentral University of PunjabBathindaIndia

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