FOLFIRI as second-line chemotherapy for advanced pancreatic cancer: a GISCAD multicenter phase II study
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The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the activity and the tolerability of the FOLFIRI regimen, administered as second-line chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer after the failure of a gemcitabine-based regimen.
Patients with locally advanced/metastatic disease who received a first-line chemotherapy (one line only) with gemcitabine ± platinoid (cisplatin, oxaliplatin) and who had measurable disease conform with the RECIST criteria were eligible for the study.
FOLFIRI consists of irinotecan 180 mg/m2 iv on day 1, leucovorin (l-form) 200 mg/m2 iv on day 1 and 2, 5-FU 400 mg/m2 iv bolus on days 1 and 2, and 5-FU 600 mg/m2 iv by ci for 22 h on days 1 and 2, repeated every 2 weeks. The primary end point was the response rate.
Among the 50 enrolled patients, 4 partial responses (PR) (8 %) and 14 stable diseases were observed, for a disease control rate of 18/50 (36 %). Forty-one patients (82 %) have been pretreated with cisplatin/oxaliplatin+gemcitabine as first-line chemotherapy. The median progression-free and overall survivals were 3.2 and 5 months, respectively. The 6-month survival rate was 32 %. Grade 3–4 neutropenia and diarrhea occurred in 10 (20 %) and 6 (12 %) patients, respectively.
The FOLFIRI regimen showed a modest clinical activity in this quite heavily pretreated patients’ population with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer with a manageable toxicity profile.
KeywordsPancreatic cancer FOLFIRI Chemotherapy Second-line Irinotecan
The authors thank the staff of the Giscad Foundation Executive Office, Silvia Rota and Luciano Frontini, for data management and secretarial activities. The study is sponsored by Fondazione GISCAD who provided the economical support for insurance and costs related to data management, statistical analysis, and the other activities of central and group coordinating centres. Hospira-Italia srl supports the study providing and managing the drug (Irinotecan) required for the treatment.
Conflict of interest
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