Concurrent chemoradiation followed by adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Korea
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Concomitant approach using cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has shown an excellent local control rate and significantly reduced distant metastasis in patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, optimal schedule and dosing of chemotherapy still need to be developed to reduce distant metastasis. This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy, toxicity, and tolerability of a concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) regimen using cisplatin and 5-FU followed by adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in patients with locoregioanlly advanced NPC.
Forty-three NPC patients who had AJCC stage T3/T4 or N2/N3 and M0 disease were evaluated. The chemotherapy during CCRT consisted of cisplatin (75 mg/m2 on day 1) plus 5-FU (750 mg/m2/day on day 1–5), delivered every 4 weeks for two cycles. Three cycles of AC were given with cisplatin (75 mg/m2), epirubicin (37.5 mg/m2) on day 1, and bleomycin (7.5 mg/m2 bolus iv. on day 1 followed by 9 mg/m2 on day 1–5 by continuous infusion) every 3 weeks.
The overall response rate after CCRT was 95% (22 CRs and 19 PRs in 43) and 100% (16 CRs and 8 PRs in 24) after AC. Grade 3/4 neutropenia, mucositis, and weight loss were observed during CCRT phase in 18, 44, and 26% of patients, respectively. AC caused grade 3/4 neutropenia and emesis in 12.5 and 20.8% of patients, respectively.
CCRT regimen using cisplatin and 5-FU followed by three cycles of BEC chemotherapy was effective in locally advanced NPC patients, with acceptable and reversible acute toxicities.
KeywordsNasopharyngeal carcinoma Concomitant chemoradiation Adjuvant chemotherapy Retrospective analysis Korea
This work was supported by a Korea University Grant.
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