Treatment outcomes of oxaliplatin, 5-FU, and leucovorin as salvage therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer: a retrospective analysis
- 162 Downloads
We performed a single-institution retrospective study to evaluate the efficacy and toxicities of oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), leucovorin (LV) combination chemotherapy as salvage treatment in patients with metastatic or advanced gastric cancer.
Sixty-two patients with advanced gastric cancer previously treated were eligible for the study. Patients received oxaliplatin 100 mg/m2 and LV 100 mg/m2 (2-h intravenous infusion) followed by 5-FU 2,400 mg/m2 (46-h continuous infusion) every 2 weeks, and responses were assessed after every three cycles.
Fifty-nine out of 62 patients were assessable for response. Among them, 46 patients had previously been treated with cisplatin based chemotherapy. Patients had a median age of 57 years (range 32–76 years), 72.6% had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1. Total 296 courses of chemotherapy were administered as second-line (67.7%) or third-line (27.4%), and the median courses per patient was three cycles. Out of 59 evaluable patients, 14 partial responses were observed (overall response rate, 22.6%). Stable disease was observed in 22 patients (35.5%), and progressive disease in 23 patients (37.1%). The median response duration, time to progression, and overall survival were 2.3, 3.0, and 8.0 months, respectively. The major toxicities were neutropenia, mucositis, and peripheral neuropathy. Grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicities included neutropenia in nine patients (14.5%) and thrombocytopenia in one patient (1.6%). Other grade 3 or 4 toxicities included mucositis in one patient (1.6%) and vomiting in two patients (3.2%). Grade 1 or 2 peripheral neuropathy were observed in 18 patients (29.0%), however there were no cases of grade 3 or 4 peripheral neuropathy and no treatment-related deaths.
The combination of oxaliplatin, 5-FU and LV was effective and safe salvage chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer patients.
KeywordsOxaliplatin 5-Fluorouracil Salvage therapy Gastric cancer
This study was supported in part by a grant of the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (A040151 and A010250).
- 18.Therasse P, Arbuck SG, Eisenhauer EA et al (2000) New guidelines to evaluate the response to treatment in solid tumors. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, National Cancer Institute of the United States, National Cancer Institute of Canada. J Natl Cancer Inst 92:205–216PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 19.Levi F, Misset JL, Brienza S et al (1992) A chronopharmacologic phase II clinical trial with 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid, and oxaliplatin using an ambulatory multichannel programmable pump. High antitumor effectiveness against metastatic colorectal cancer. Cancer 69:893–900PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 25.Kim SG, Oh SY, Kwon HC et al (2007) A phase II study of irinotecan with bi-weekly, low-dose leucovorin and bolus and continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil (modified FOLFIRI) as salvage therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer. Jpn J Clin Oncol 37:744–749PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar