A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantification of actinomycin-D and vincristine in children with cancer
- First Online:
- 153 Downloads
Actinomycin-D (Act-D) and vincristine (VCR) are cytotoxic agents commonly used in the treatment of pediatric cancers. To date, there are few published methods on quantifying Act-D or VCR and no published methods on quantifying the two drugs together. We present a methodology for the simultaneous quantification of Act-D and VCR in human plasma using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) detection. Following solid phase extraction, plasma samples were separated and analyzed using electrospray ionization (ESI). The lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) for both Act-D and VCR was 0.5 ng/ml. The analytical accuracy for detection of both Act-D and VCR was ≥ 90%. The analytical precision, as estimated by the coefficient of variation was ≤ 6% for Act-D and ≤ 11% for VCR. Given the prevalence of the use of the two drugs as combination therapy in a variety of pediatric oncological indications, the small sample volume requirements and the assay sensitivity, this methodology is expected to support several ongoing and future pediatric trials.