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Psychotherapeut

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 329–334 | Cite as

Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale-Computer

Deutschsprachige digitale Version
  • Henrik Kessler
  • Harald C. Traue
  • Martin Hopfensitz
  • Claudia Subic-Wrana
  • Holger Hoffmann
Neue Medien in der Psychotherapie

Zusammenfassung

Das Konzept der Alexithymie ist sowohl für die Psychosomatik als auch für die Emotionsforschung von Relevanz. Ein valides Instrument zur Erfassung der Alexithymie ist die Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS; engl. R. Lane, dt. C. Subic-Wrana), die auf frei formulierten Einschätzungen von Emotionen in kurzen Fallvignetten basiert. Die breitere Anwendung der LEAS stieß bislang auf das Problem einer relativ komplexen und schwierig automatisierbaren Auswertung. Daher wurde eine digitale Version der LEAS entwickelt, die die Daten eines Probanden direkt am Computer erfasst und die Antworten vollautomatisch auswertet. Ein speziell angepasster Algorithmus zur Textanalyse bewertet die Stufe des emotionalen Gewahrwerdens auf Grundlage eines validen Glossars emotional relevanter Wörter. Es werden erste Daten aus der Anwendung an 187 gesunden Probanden vorgestellt. Durch die hohe Interrater-Reliabilität der digitalen Version im Vergleich zu menschlichen Ratern (r=0,86–0,90) erfüllt die LEAS-C die Kriterien eines reliablen Messinstruments.

Schlüsselwörter

Alexithymie Emotionen Psychosomatik Verhaltensszene Psychometrische Forschung 

Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale Computer

German digital version

Abstract

Alexithymia is an important concept in both psychosomatic medicine and emotion research. A valid instrument for the assessment of alexithymia is the Levels Of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS; English version by R. Lane, German version by C. Subic-Wrana). Subjects are asked to evaluate in their own words the emotional content of briefly depicted interpersonal situations. Wide use of the LEAS has so far been hampered by a relatively complex evaluation procedure of answers that could not easily be automated. This was the motivation to create a digital version of the LEAS that allows subjects to give their answers directly to the computer and evaluates them automatically (LEAS-C). A custom-made algorithm for text analysis assesses the level of emotional awareness of each answer based on a valid glossary of emotionally relevant words. First data of the application of the LEAS-C in a sample of 187 healthy subjects are reported here. With its high interrater reliability (r=0.86–0.90) compared with human raters, the LEAS-C can be considered a reliable means of assessing alexithymia.

Keywords

Alexithymia Emotions Psychosomatics Behavior scenes Psychometric research 

Notes

Interessenkonflikt

Es besteht kein Interessenkonflikt.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henrik Kessler
    • 1
  • Harald C. Traue
    • 1
  • Martin Hopfensitz
    • 1
  • Claudia Subic-Wrana
    • 2
  • Holger Hoffmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Sektion Medizinische PsychologieUniversitätsklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und PsychotherapieUlmDeutschland
  2. 2.Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und PsychotherapieMainzDeutschland

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