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Modified BuCy is an alternative conditioning regimen for lymphoma patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation

  • Haiwen Huang
  • Lihong Zhang
  • Yibin Jiang
  • Shuo Liu
  • Zhengming Jin
  • Jia Chen
  • Xiaofang Xiao
  • Jia Ruan
  • Xinyou Zhang
  • Depei Wu
Original Article

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine whether the modified BuCy (semustine, cytarabine, busulfan, and cyclophosphamide, mBuCy) conditioning regimen can be safely used as an alternative to the SEAM (semustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan) regimen by comparing the efficacy and toxicity of the mBuCy and SEAM regimens. We matched 34 pairs of patients with regard to disease status at the time of autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT). We found no significant difference in the time of platelet engraftment between the two groups. Furthermore, neutrophil engraftment was somewhat faster in the mBuCy group than in the SEAM group (median: 9 days vs 10 days, p = 0.015). With regard to toxicity, the incidence of nausea/vomiting, hepatic impairment, renal impairment, pulmonary infection, and treatment-related mortality (TRM) was similar between the two groups. In addition, compared to patients conditioned with SEAM, patients conditioned with mBuCy were less likely to develop mucositis and diarrhea (p = 0.027; p = 0.050). The 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates in the mBuCy and SEAM groups were 79% and 70% (p = 0.378), respectively, and the 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 81% and 78.0%, respectively (p = 0.789). These analyses showed that the mBuCy conditioning regimen was well tolerated and can be used as an alternative to the SEAM regimen for lymphoma.

Keywords

Modified BuCy SEAM High-dose chemotherapy Lymphoma Autologous stem cell transplantation 

Notes

Funding

This work was supported by grants from the Six Talent Peaks Project in Jiangsu Province (WSN 020).

Compliance with ethical standards

This study was conducted in compliance with the institutional policy regarding the protection of patients’ private information and approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. All the methods were carried out in accordance with the approval guidelines of The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HematologyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow UniversitySuzhouChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Institute of Hematology, Key Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis of the Ministry of HealthSuzhouChina
  3. 3.Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew York-Presbyterian HospitalNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of Hematology, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People’s Hospital)Jinan UniversityShenzhenChina

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