Clinical outcomes in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma with a partial response to first-line R-CHOP chemotherapy: prognostic value of secondary International Prognostic Index scores and Deauville scores
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After introducing a rituximab-containing chemoimmunotherapy (R-CHOP) for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), a partial response (PR) which is regarded as treatment failure is still observed. To investigate the prognostic factors for the DLBCL patients with a PR to R-CHOP, we retrospectively evaluated 758 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients. After R-CHOP, 88 (11.6%) achieved a PR. Three-year progression-free and overall survival rates measured from the date of PR achievement (PFS2 and OS2) were 57.4 and 67.8%, respectively. The secondary International Prognostic Index (IPI2) scores after R-CHOP were low (0–1) in 68.2% and high (2–3) in 31.8% of the patients. The Deauville scores from 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography after R-CHOP showed low (2–3) in 58.0% and high (4) in 42.0% of the patients. High IPI2 and high Deauville scores were associated with worse PFS2 (P < 0.001 and P = 0.009) and OS2 (P = 0.013 and P = 0.067). The high-risk group defined by the IPI2 and Deauville scores, whose scores were both high, showed significantly lower 3-year PFS2 (P < 0.001) and OS2 (P = 0.006) rates compared with those of the other groups. In multivariate analyses, the IPI score of ≥ 3 at diagnosis and bone marrow involvement at diagnosis were independent prognostic factors. In addition, high IPI2-Deauville score after R-CHOP was significantly associated with poor PFS2 (P = 0.009) and demonstrated a trend toward inferior OS2. In conclusion, DLBCL patients who partially responded to R-CHOP are still a heterogeneous group, for which IPI2 and Deauville scores should be evaluated for prediction of prognosis.
KeywordsDiffuse large B cell lymphoma Partial response International Prognostic Index FDG-PET Deauville scores
This study was accepted and presented in the form of a poster presentation at the 58th annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology, San Diego, CA, December 3–6, 2016.
Compliance with ethical standards
The authors do not have any disclosures.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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