Annals of Hematology

, Volume 89, Issue 7, pp 715–723 | Cite as

Poor potential of proliferation and differentiation in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells derived from children with severe aplastic anemia

  • Yu-Hua Chao
  • Ching-Tien Peng
  • Horng-Jyh Harn
  • Chin-Kan Chan
  • Kang-Hsi Wu
Original Article

Abstract

The pathogenesis of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) has not been completely understood, and insufficiency of the hematopoietic microenvironment can be an important factor. Here, we compared the basic properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a major component of bone marrow microenvironment, from five SAA children with those of MSCs from five controls. Although MSCs from SAA children and controls were similar in morphology and immunophenotypic profile, SAA MSCs had slower expansion rate and smaller cumulative population doubling (1.83 ± 1.21 vs 3.36 ± 0.87; p = 0.046), indicating lower proliferative capacity. After osteogenic induction, SAA MSCs showed lower alkaline phosphatase activity (optical density, 1.46 ± 0.04 vs 2.27 ± 0.32; p = 0.013), less intense von Kossa staining, and lower gene expression of core binding factor α1 (0.0015 ± 0.0005 vs 0.0056 ± 0.0017; p = 0.013). Following adipogenic induction, SAA MSCs showed less intense Oil red O staining (optical density, 0.86 ± 0.22 vs 1.73 ± 0.42; p = 0.013) and lower lipoprotein lipase expression (0.0105 ± 0.0074 vs 0.0527 ± 0.0254; p = 0.013). These findings provided evidence that defects in bone marrow MSCs of SAA children do exist.

Keywords

Aplastic anemia Mesenchymal stem cells Hematopoiesis Bone marrow failure Microenvironment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported partially by grants from the China Medical University Hospital (grant ref. NO. DMR-98-037) and Taoyuan General Hospital Project (PTH9809).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-Hua Chao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ching-Tien Peng
    • 3
    • 4
  • Horng-Jyh Harn
    • 5
    • 6
  • Chin-Kan Chan
    • 7
    • 8
  • Kang-Hsi Wu
    • 3
    • 9
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsTungs’ Taichung MetroHarbor HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical ScienceChina Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsChina Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of Biotechnology and BioinformaticsAsia UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  5. 5.Center for NeuropsychiatryChina Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  6. 6.Department of PathologyChina Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  7. 7.Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical ScienceChang Gung UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan
  8. 8.Department of PediatricsTaoyuan General HospitalTaoyuanTaiwan
  9. 9.Stem Cell Research Laboratory, Department of Medical ResearchChina Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  10. 10.TaichungTaiwan

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