Annals of Hematology

, Volume 88, Issue 2, pp 97–110

Treatment of invasive fungal infections in cancer patients—Recommendations of the Infectious Diseases Working Party (AGIHO) of the German Society of Hematology and Oncology (DGHO)

  • Angelika Böhme
  • Markus Ruhnke
  • Dieter Buchheidt
  • Oliver A. Cornely
  • Herrmann Einsele
  • Ruxandra Enzensberger
  • Holger Hebart
  • Werner Heinz
  • Christian Junghanss
  • Meinolf Karthaus
  • William Krüger
  • Utz Krug
  • Thomas Kubin
  • Olaf Penack
  • Dietmar Reichert
  • Stefan Reuter
  • Gerda Silling
  • Thomas Südhoff
  • Andrew J. Ullmann
  • Georg Maschmeyer
Review Article


Invasive fungal infections are a main cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy regimens. Early antifungal treatment is mandatory to improve survival. Today, a number of effective and better-tolerated but more expensive antifungal agents compared to the former gold standard amphotericin B deoxycholate are available. Clinical decision-making must consider results from numerous studies and published guidelines, as well as licensing status and cost pressure. New developments in antifungal prophylaxis improving survival rates result in a continuous need for actualization. The treatment options for invasive Candida infections include fluconazole, voriconazole, and amphotericin B and its lipid formulations, as well as echinocandins. Voriconazole, amphotericin B, amphotericin B lipid formulations, caspofungin, itraconazole, and posaconazole are available for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis. Additional procedures, such as surgical interventions, immunoregulatory therapy, and granulocyte transfusions, have to be considered. The Infectious Diseases Working Party of the German Society of Hematology and Oncology here presents its 2008 recommendations discussing the dos and do-nots, as well as the problems and possible solutions, of evidence criteria selection.


Cancer Invasive fungal infections Antifungals 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelika Böhme
    • 1
  • Markus Ruhnke
    • 2
  • Dieter Buchheidt
    • 3
  • Oliver A. Cornely
    • 4
  • Herrmann Einsele
    • 5
  • Ruxandra Enzensberger
    • 6
  • Holger Hebart
    • 7
  • Werner Heinz
    • 8
  • Christian Junghanss
    • 9
  • Meinolf Karthaus
    • 10
  • William Krüger
    • 11
  • Utz Krug
    • 12
  • Thomas Kubin
    • 13
  • Olaf Penack
    • 14
  • Dietmar Reichert
    • 15
  • Stefan Reuter
    • 16
  • Gerda Silling
    • 17
  • Thomas Südhoff
    • 18
  • Andrew J. Ullmann
    • 19
  • Georg Maschmeyer
    • 20
  1. 1.ONKOLOGIKUM, Frankfurt am MuseumsuferFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.Abt. Onkologie und Hämatologie, Med. Klinik u. Poliklinik IICharité Universitätsmedizin, Campus Charité MitteBerlinGermany
  3. 3.III. Medizinische KlinikUniversitätsklinikum Mannheim GmbHMannheimGermany
  4. 4.Klinik I für Innere Medizin und Zentrum für Klinische Studien (ZKS) 01KN0706Klinikum der Universität KölnKölnGermany
  5. 5.Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IIUniversitätsklinikum WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  6. 6.Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und KrankenhaushygieneJ.W. Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurtGermany
  7. 7.Zentrum für Innere MedizinKlinikum Schwäbisch Gmünd/StauferklinikMutlangenGermany
  8. 8.Schwerpunkt Infektiologie, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IIUniversitätsklinikum WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  9. 9.Abt. Hämatologie und Onkologie. Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere MedizinUniversität RostockRostockGermany
  10. 10.Abt. Hämatologie/OnkologieSt. Klinikum München-NeuperlachMünchenGermany
  11. 11.Medizinische Klinik CErnst-Moritz-Arndt-UniversitätGreifswaldGermany
  12. 12.Medizinische Klinik AMedizinische UniversitätsklinikMünsterGermany
  13. 13.Hämatologie/OnkologieKlinikum TraunsteinTraunsteinGermany
  14. 14.Klinik für Hämatologie und OnkologieCharité, Campus Benjamin FranklinBerlinGermany
  15. 15.Hämatologisch-Onkologische Gemeinschaftspraxis Dr. Reichert/Dr. JanssenWesterstedeGermany
  16. 16.Klinik für Gastroenterologie, Hepatologie und InfektiologieUniversitätsklinikum DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  17. 17.Innere Medizin AMed. UniversitätsklinikMünsterGermany
  18. 18.II. Medizinische KlinikKlinikum PassauPassauGermany
  19. 19.3. Medizinische AbteilungJohannes Gutenberg-UniversitätMainzGermany
  20. 20.Medizinische Klinik, Hämatologie und OnkologieKlinikum Ernst von BergmannPotsdamGermany

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