Diagnostic refinement of chronic myeloproliferative disorders and thrombocytoses of unknown origin by multiple RT-PCR and capillary electrophoresis of BCR-ABL rearrangements and JAK2 (V617F) mutation
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- Ammatuna, E., Ottone, T., Zaza, S. et al. Ann Hematol (2007) 86: 355. doi:10.1007/s00277-007-0259-9
Detection of genetic markers improves diagnostic refinement of chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMDs) and is helpful in discriminating reactive conditions mimicking CMDs such as reactive erythrocytosis and thrombocytosis. We set-up a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction assay followed by capillary electrophoresis, designed to simultaneously screen the two main genetic lesions associated with CMDs, i.e. the BCR-ABL fusion characteristic of chronic myeloid leukemia and the JAK2 V617F mutation that characterises polycythaemia vera and a proportion of cases of essential thrombocythemia and idiopathic myelofibrosis. The test was used in the diagnostic work-up of 50 patients with elevation of ≥2 myeloid cell types in their blood count at presentation and in 42 patients with isolated, non-reactive thrombocytosis. This approach refined diagnosis in 44 of 50 cases in the first series and in 22 of 42 cases with isolated thrombocytosis. We conclude that this non-isotopic and rapid assay amenable to automation may be adopted in routine genetic diagnosis of CMDs as well as for initial screening of thrombocytosis of unknown nature.