A Crouzon syndrome from the Classic period of Maya civilization?
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This article describes a retrospective diagnosis through an artistic representation of a pre-Columbian Central America bowl figuring a child with clinical characteristics of Crouzon syndrome. The report also highlights the importance of icono-diagnosis for a better description of the existing diseases into ancient societies.
KeywordsCranial deformities Crouzon syndrome Paleopathology Maya civilization Iconodiagnosis
PD (professor of dermatology) and PC (associate professor in forensic and medical anthropology)—project development, data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing, and approval of the manuscript.
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The authors declare that this manuscript has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration by another journal. The authors declare that the study complies with the current law in France.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Both authors declare that they have no conflict of interest related to the subject of this article.
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