Advertisement

A mandibular bone defect of uncertain significance: report of a paleopathological case

  • Gastone Sabbadini
  • Paola Saccheri
  • Luciana TravanEmail author
Anatomic Variations
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

Anatomical variations of the mandibular canal as well as the presence of accessory canals and foramina are common findings in the human mandible. Here, we present a previously unreported type of anatomical variation, consisting of a large full-thickness bone defect of the right mandibular ramus, observed in a young male unearthed from a mediaeval cemetery located in North-Eastern Italy. The defect was located very close to, yet not directly connected with, the mandibular canal. Awareness of the existence of deviations from the anatomical norm such as that we describe here is strategic to avoid diagnostic misinterpretations, minimise technical hitches, and prevent clinical complications during invasive procedures in the region of the mandible.

Keywords

Mandibular ramus Mandibular canal Anatomical variation Paleopathology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Soprintendenza Archeologica, Belle Arti e Paesaggio del Friuli Venezia Giulia for providing access to skeletal material and to Dr. Francesco Toso for providing the CT images.

Author contributions

All authors have contributed to preparing the manuscript. Contribution: PS; LT: data analysis and manuscript editing; GS: literature review, manuscript editing, and critical approval of the final manuscript.

Funding

The authors received no specific funding for this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

References

  1. 1.
    Bilecenoglu B, Tuncer N (2006) Clinical and anatomical study of retromolar foramen and canal. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 64:1493–1497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Choi YY, Han SS (2014) Double mandibular foramen leading to the accessory canal on the mandibular ramus. Surg Radiol Anat 36:9:851–855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    DeSantis JL, Liebow C (1996) Four common mandibular nerve anomalies that lead to local anesthesia failures. J Am Dent Assoc 127:1081–1086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fanibunda K, Matthews JNS (1999) Relationship between accessory foramina and tumour spread in the lateral mandibular surface. J Anat 195:185–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Haas LF, Dutra K, Porporatti AL, Mezzomo LA, De Luca Canto G, Flores-Mir C, Corrêa M (2016) Anatomical variations of mandibular canal detected by panoramic radiography and CT: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Dentomaxillofacial Radiol 45:20150310.  https://doi.org/10.1259/dmfr.20150310 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Han S-S, Hwang J-J, Park C-S (2014) The anomalous canal between two accessory foramina on the mandibular ramus: the temporal crest canal. Dentomaxillofacial Radiol 43:20140115.  https://doi.org/10.1259/dmfr.20140115 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jablonski NG, Cheng CM, Cheng LC, Cheung HM (1985) Unusual origins of the buccal and mylohyoid nerves. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 60:487–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Krasny A, Krasny N, Prescher A (2012) Anatomic variations of neural canal structures of the mandible observed by 3-T magnetic resonance imaging. J Comput Assist Tomogr 36:150–153.  https://doi.org/10.1097/RCT.0b013e3182436c6d CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Przystańska A, Bruska M (2012) Anatomical classification of accessory foramina in human mandibles of adults, infants, and fetuses. Anat Sci Int 87:141–149.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-012-0136-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rodella LF, Buffoli B, Labanca M, Rezzani R (2012) A review of the mandibular and maxillary nerve supplies and their clinical relevance. Arch Oral Biol 57:323–334.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2011.09.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sutton RN (1974) The practical significance of mandibular accessory foramina. Aust Dent J 19:167–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yeh AYE, Finn BP, Jones RHB et al (2018) The variable position of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) in the mandibular ramus: a computed tomography (CT) study. Surg Radiol Anat 40:6:653–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Surgical and Health SciencesUniversity of TriesteTriesteItaly
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, Section of Human AnatomyUniversity of UdineUdineItaly

Personalised recommendations