Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 339–341 | Cite as

Aberrant splenic artery rising from the superior mesenteric artery: a rare but important anatomical variation

  • Emanuele Felli
  • Taiga Wakabayashi
  • Pietro Mascagni
  • Zineb Cherkaoui
  • Vanina Faucher
  • Patrick PessauxEmail author
Anatomic Variations


Aberrant splenic artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is extremely rare and recognition of this anomaly is important in the pre-operative planning of complex surgery such as pancreatic surgery, liver transplantation and vascular surgery. We present the case of an 80-year-old female diagnosed as septic shock due to mesenteric ischemia and obstructive pyelonephritis. Her splenic artery was originating from the SMA and the anomaly was readily appreciated on the pre-operative CT images. An explorative laparotomy associating extensive small bowel resection with endarterectomy of the proximal part of the SMA was performed. During intra-operative SMA control, we confirmed the aberrant splenic artery arising from SMA, and successfully avoid any arterial injury on the splenic artery with isolation and separated proximal and distal clamping. The anatomical vascular variation should be recognized in the pre-operative work-up of a determined surgical procedure to avoid potential intra-operative arterial injuries.


Splenic artery Superior mesenteric artery Anatomic variations Mesenteric ischemia 


Author contributions

EF and PP contributed to the project design. EF, TW, PM, ZC, and VF collected the imaging data. EF and TW analyzed the imaging data. EF and TW wrote the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emanuele Felli
    • 1
  • Taiga Wakabayashi
    • 2
  • Pietro Mascagni
    • 3
  • Zineb Cherkaoui
    • 1
  • Vanina Faucher
    • 4
  • Patrick Pessaux
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.General, Digestive, and Endocrine Surgery, Nouvel Hôpital CivilUniversité de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Institut de Recherche Contre les Cancers de l’Appareil Digestif (IRCAD)StrasbourgFrance
  3. 3.Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire (IHU), Institute for Minimally Invasive Hybrid Image-Guided SurgeryUniversité de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance
  4. 4.Radiology, Nouvel Hôpital CivilUniversité de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance

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