Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 38, Issue 7, pp 757–765 | Cite as

Contribution to the anatomical nomenclature concerning general anatomy and anatomical variations

  • David Kachlik
  • Vladimir MusilEmail author
  • Vaclav Baca
Original Article


Nomenclature of the general and variant anatomy belongs to the most neglected parts of the Latin anatomical nomenclature in Terminologia Anatomica. Although many important small structures are included in Terminologia Anatomica, when describing and teaching particular anatomy of any part of the human body, the general terms are necessary, such as planes, lines and flexion grooves. Moreover, Terminologia Anatomica contains only 149 terms of variant structures, enlisted in the parentheses to differentiate them from constant ones. They are only a rather representative selection and some more should be added, both from the educational and clinical point of view. The authors present some terms, completed with their definitions or explanations concerning the general and variant anatomy to evoke broader discussion on this topic which should issue in incorporation of proposed terms (or their equivalents) into the Terminologia Anatomica.


Anatomical terminology Anatomical nomenclature General anatomy Anatomical variations 



The authors thank Miroslava Plecitá for help in obtaining the cited articles. The study was supported by the Charles University, Project PRVOUK # 33.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest and no financial interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Second Faculty of MedicineCharles University in PraguePrague 5Czech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Health Care StudiesCollege of Polytechnics JihlavaJihlavaCzech Republic
  3. 3.Centre of Scientific Information, Third Faculty of MedicineCharles University in PraguePrague 10Czech Republic

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