Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 34, Issue 8, pp 787–789 | Cite as

A plea for the use of drawing in human anatomy teaching

  • Philippe Clavert
  • J. Bouchaïb
  • F. Duparc
  • J. L. Kahn
Letter to the Editor


Descriptive human anatomy constitutes one of the main parts of the educational program of the first part of the medical studies. Professors of anatomy have to take into account the exponential evolution of the techniques of morphological and functional exploration of the patients, and the trend to open more and more the contents of the lectures of anatomy to clinical considerations. Basically, teaching requires a series of descriptive and educational media to set up, in front of the student, the studied structures and so to build the human body. More generally, lectures in morphological sciences try to develop three types of knowledge: declarative, procedural, and conditional. Traditionally in France “basic or first” anatomy is taught in amphitheater and in big groups by building each structure or region on a blackboard with colored chalk that allows a relief stake of certain structures and builds in two dimensions a three-dimensional organization. Actually, the blackboard is and stays for us an excellent media of non-verbal expression.


Teaching Blackboard Student Virtual anatomy 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Clavert
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Bouchaïb
    • 1
  • F. Duparc
    • 3
  • J. L. Kahn
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculté de MédecineInstitut d’Anatomie NormaleStrasbourg CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Recherche en Pédagogie, Faculté de MédecineStrasbourg CedexFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’Anatomie, Faculté de Médecine PharmacieRouen Cedex 1France

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