Anatomical terminology and nomenclature: past, present and highlights

  • David Kachlik
  • Vaclav Baca
  • Ivana Bozdechova
  • Pavel Cech
  • Vladimir Musil
Review

Abstract

The anatomical terminology is a base for medical communication. It is elaborated into a nomenclature in Latin. Its history goes back to 1895, when the first Latin anatomical nomenclature was published as Basiliensia Nomina Anatomica. It was followed by seven revisions (Jenaiensia Nomina Anatomica 1935, ParisiensiaNomina Anatomica 1955, Nomina Anatomica 2nd to 6th edition 1960–1989). The last revision, Terminologia Anatomica, (TA) created by the Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology and approved by the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, was published in 1998. Apart from the official Latin anatomical terminology, it includes a list of recommended English equivalents. In this article, major changes and pitfalls of the nomenclature are discussed, as well as the clinical anatomy terms. The last revision (TA) is highly recommended to the attention of not only teachers, students and researchers, but also to clinicians, doctors, translators, editors and publishers to be followed in their activities.

Keywords

Anatomy Terminology Nomenclature History 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Kachlik
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vaclav Baca
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ivana Bozdechova
    • 3
  • Pavel Cech
    • 4
  • Vladimir Musil
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Third Faculty of MedicineCharles University in PraguePraha 10Czech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Medicine and Humanities, Faculty of Biomedical EngineeringCzech Technical University in PragueKladnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Czech Language and Theory of Communication, Faculty of ArtsCharles University in PraguePraha 1Czech Republic
  4. 4.Department of History of Medicine, Third Faculty of MedicineCharles University in PraguePraha 10Czech Republic
  5. 5.Centre of Scientific Information, Third Faculty of MedicineCharles University in PraguePraha 10Czech Republic
  6. 6.Institute of Information Studies and Librarianship, Faculty of ArtsCharles University in PraguePraha 5Czech Republic

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