Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 228–234

The medial branch of the lateral branch of the posterior ramus of the spinal nerve

  • Toshiyuki Saito
  • Masami Yoshimoto
  • Yoshiyuki Yamamoto
  • Takayoshi Miyaki
  • Masahiro Itoh
  • Shogo Shimizu
  • Yoshiyuki Oi
  • Wolfgang Schmidt
  • Hanno Steinke
Original Article

Abstract

In the needle insertion of epidural anesthesia with the paramedian approach, the needle can pass through the longissimus muscle in the dorsum of the patients. When the needle touches a nerve in the muscles, the patients may experience pain in the back. Obviously, the needle should avoid the nerve tract. To provide better anesthetic service, analysis of the structure and where the concerned nerves lie in that region is inevitable. Material and method: We studied five cadavers in this study. Two cadavers were fixed with Thiel’s method. With these cadavers, we studied the nerve running of the posterior rami of the spinal nerve from the nerve root to the distal portion. Three of them were used for the study of transparent specimen, with which we studied the course and size of the nerve inside the longissimus muscle. Results: We observed there were three branches at the stem of the posterior rami of the spinal nerves between the body segment T3 and L5, i.e. medial branch, medial branch of the lateral branch and lateral branch of the lateral branch. The medial branch of the lateral branch supplied to the longissimus muscle. With the transparent specimen, we found that there were different nerve layouts between the upper thoracic, lower thoracic, upper lumbar, and lower lumbar segments in the medial branch of the lateral branch in the longissimus muscle. In the lower thoracic and upper lumbar segments, the medial branch of the lateral branch of the upper lumbar segments produced layers nerve network in the longissimus muscle. L1 and L2 nerves were large in size in the muscle. Conclusion: In the upper lumbar segments the medial branch of the lateral branch of the posterior rami of the spinal nerve produced dense network in the longissimus muscle, where the epidural needle has high possibility to touch the nerve. Anesthetists have to consider the existence of the medial branch of the lateral branch of the posterior rami of the spinal nerve when they insert the needle in the paramedical approach to the spinal column.

Keywords

Spinal nerve Posterior ramus Medial branch Transparent specimen Longissimus muscle Anesthesia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshiyuki Saito
    • 1
  • Masami Yoshimoto
    • 5
  • Yoshiyuki Yamamoto
    • 5
  • Takayoshi Miyaki
    • 2
  • Masahiro Itoh
    • 2
  • Shogo Shimizu
    • 3
  • Yoshiyuki Oi
    • 3
  • Wolfgang Schmidt
    • 4
  • Hanno Steinke
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyNippon Medical SchoolChigasaki-City, Kanagawa, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of AnatomyTokyo Medical UniversityTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Anesthesia, School of DentistryNihon UniversityTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Institute of AnatomyUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  5. 5.Department of AnatomyNippon Medical SchoolTokyoJapan

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