The pectineal ligament anatomical study and surgical applications
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The aim of this study was to reinforce the importance of the pectineal ligament in laparoscopic surgery for groin hernia and female urinary incontinence, particularly its anatomical importance in the myopectineal region. A morphologic study was conducted on 44 pectineal ligaments from 23 embalmed and one fresh human cadavers, together with a radiological study on four volunteer patients. Anatomical and histological findings confirm the fact that the ligament of Cooper represents a thickening of the pectineal fascia rather than a thickening from the periosteum. The pectineal ligament provides a landmark in each approach, open or laparoscopic, anterior or posterior surgery.
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