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Irrigation Science

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 363–379 | Cite as

Influence of chlorine injection on soil enzyme activities and maize growth under drip irrigation with secondary sewage effluent

  • Fengzhen Hao
  • Jiusheng Li
  • Zhen Wang
  • Yanfeng Li
Original Paper
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

Chlorination is an effective method to prevent and reduce emitter clogging caused by algae and bacteria in drip irrigation system. The optimal chlorination schemes should be developed to alleviate the potential negative effect of chlorination on soil properties and crop growth. A 2-year experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of chlorine injection concentrations and duration on soil urease and alkaline phosphatase activities and production of maize for drip irrigation while applying secondary sewage effluent. The experiments were designed with injection concentrations of free chlorine residual at the end of laterals ranging from 0 to 8 mg L−1 and injection duration ranging from 0.5 to 3 h for each irrigation event. The control experiments with groundwater were applied in both seasons. Sewage application increased the residual Cl in soil while chlorination did not cause a substantial chlorine accumulation in the root zone. Compared to enzyme activities measured prior to sowing, soil enzyme activities were generally enhanced by sewage application with or without chlorination. The effects of chlorine concentration and injection duration on plant biomass, nitrogen uptake, enzyme activities, and yield of maize were insignificant although chlorination weakened the increment of soil enzyme activities to some extent. The yield of maize ranged from 12.1 to 13.3 Mg ha−1 and from 10.1 to 10.7 Mg ha−1 in the 2015 and 2016 seasons, respectively. For the treatments with chlorine injected, the yield of maize peaked at 0 mg L−1 in 2015, while the yield of maize peaked at 1.3 mg L−1 of free chlorine residual at the end of laterals and the 3 h chlorine duration in 2016. The results suggested that chlorination is safe for field crops with precipitation leaching.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant nos. 51339007 and 51509270) and the National Key Research and Development Project of China (Grant no. 2016YFC0403103).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fengzhen Hao
    • 1
  • Jiusheng Li
    • 1
  • Zhen Wang
    • 1
  • Yanfeng Li
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River BasinChina Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchBeijingChina

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