CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 278–281 | Cite as

Primary stent placement for recanalization of iliac artery occlusions: Using a self-expanding spiral stent

  • Jae-Kyu Kim
  • Yun-Hyeon Kim
  • Sang-Yeung Chung
  • Heoung-Keun Kang
Clinical Investigations


Purpose: To report the clinical results for recanalizations of an occluded iliac artery by a self-expanding spiral stent.

Methods: We attempted to recanalize 36 iliac artery occlusions in 34 patients [33 men, 1 woman, aged 51–75 years (average 61.6 years)]. The average lesion length was 6.92 cm (range 1–14 cm). The patients’s chief complaints were intermittent claudication and resting pain. Fontaine classification was assigned before and after the procedure. Technical and clinical success were also analyzed.

Results: Forty-five stents were successfully deployed in 34 patients. All 36 lesions (13 in the external iliac artery, 12 in the common iliac artery, and 11 in both) were patently recanalized on angiography. The follow-up period ranged from 6 months to 36 months (mean 11.9 months). Fourteen stents (39%) with incomplete expansion were dilated with a balloon catheter. Good technical (100%) and clinical (94%) results were obtained. The only complication was one hematoma at the puncture site. Reocclusions were noted in two lesions (5%) at 1 week and 15 months, respectively.

Conclusion: A self-expanding spiral stent is a safe and effective device for recanalization of an iliac artery occlusion as the primary stent without any previous intervention.

Key words

Arteries and extremities Stent and prosthesis Stenoses or occlusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jae-Kyu Kim
    • 1
  • Yun-Hyeon Kim
    • 1
  • Sang-Yeung Chung
    • 2
  • Heoung-Keun Kang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyChonnam University Medical SchoolKwangjuKorea
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryChonnam University Medical SchoolKwangjuKorea

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