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Safety and Efficacy of Totally Percutaneous Femoral Access for Fenestrated–Branched Endovascular Aortic Repair of Pararenal–Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms

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Abstract

Introduction

We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of totally percutaneous femoral access (TPFA) for fenestrated–branched endovascular aortic repair (F/B-EVAR) of pararenal–thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (PRAs/TAAAs).

Methods

We reviewed all consecutive patients enrolled in single-center prospective non-randomized single-arm study to investigate F/B-EVAR for PRAs/TAAAs (2013–2017). Percutaneous approach was selected in all patients when anatomically feasible; otherwise, surgical femoral access (SFA), with or without construction of temporary prosthetic conduit, was selected. Primary outcomes were technical success, mortality, major adverse events (MAEs) and major vascular access complications.

Results

A total of 231 patients were included in the study: TPFA was possible in 163 (70%) with technical success rate of 93%, while 68 (30%) required SFA. Patients with TPFA and SFA had similar mortality rate of 1%. The rate of MAEs for TPFA was 20% versus 38% for SFA (p = .07). The trend was mainly driven by reduced rates of estimated blood loss (EBL) ≥ 1L (6% vs 21%, p = .001) and acute myocardial infarction (2% vs 9%, p = .03). Similarly, TPFA carried a significantly lower rate of major vascular access complications as compared with SFA (6% vs 21%, p < .001; adjusted OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.3–8.9, p = .01).

Conclusion

A percutaneous-first approach for elective F/B-EVAR of PRAs/TAAAs is safe, feasible and effective when proper patient selection is provided. When the presence of hostile iliofemoral anatomy requires open-vessel exposure, higher rates of perioperative major bleeding, cardiac events and access complications may be expected.

Level of Evidence

Level 3 (single-center prospective non-randomized single-arm study).

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Author information

Correspondence to Mario D’Oria.

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Conflict of interest

G.S.O. has received consulting fees and grants from Cook Medical, W.L. Gore and GE Healthcare (all paid to Mayo Clinic with no personal income).

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D’Oria, M., Oderich, G.S., Tenorio, E.R. et al. Safety and Efficacy of Totally Percutaneous Femoral Access for Fenestrated–Branched Endovascular Aortic Repair of Pararenal–Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00270-020-02414-8

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Keywords

  • Percutaneous access
  • Vascular closure device
  • Fenestrated and branched endovascular aortic repair
  • Pararenal aortic aneurysms
  • Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms