Endovascular Embolization of Post-tonsillectomy Pseudoaneurysm: A Single-Center Case Series
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endovascular embolization of post-tonsillectomy pseudoaneurysm with the usage of monomeric n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) glue as a first intention.
We retrospectively analyzed the technical details and clinical outcome of ten consecutive children presented with delayed post-tonsillectomy bleeding, caused by lingual or facial artery pseudoaneurysm, which was treated by endovascular embolization.
Seven patients had lingual artery pseudoaneurysm, and three patients had injury of a common linguo-facial trunk. Eight patients were treated by endovascular embolization using NBCA glue, and two patients had to be embolized using microcoils. All patients were successfully embolized with no clinical complications. One patient suffered from bleeding during the interventional procedure that was controlled by NBCA which infiltrated normal branches with no clinical sequelae.
NBCA glue can be used as an effective appropriate embolizing material in endovascular embolization of post-tonsillectomy pseudoaneurysm. However, certain precautions are mandatory to avoid distal infiltration of normal arteries or proximal reflux that may endanger the internal carotid artery.
Level of Evidence
Level 4, case series.
KeywordsPost-tonsillectomy bleeding Endovascular embolization NBCA Pseudoaneurysm
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The Institutional Review Board of our Radiology Department approved the design of the study and the use of clinical data.
Informed consent was obtained from the parents of all individual participants included in the study.
Consent for Publication
For this type of study, consent for publication is not required.
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