Hydrodissection of the Retrohepatic Space: A Technique to Physically Separate a Liver Tumour from the Inferior Vena Cava and the Ostia of the Hepatic Veins
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To report a technique of percutaneous retrohepatic hydrodissection, highlighting its potential to physically separate liver tumours from the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the ostia of the hepatic veins (HV).
Materials and Methods
Between December 2017 and April 2018, hydrodissection of the retrohepatic IVC was performed in 5 patients (5 females; mean age 64.5 years) undergoing percutaneous ablation of 5 liver metastases (mean size: 3.6 cm) located adjacent to the IVC. Number of hydrodissection needles, volume of hydrodissection, separation of tumour/liver parenchyma from IVC/HV post-hydrodissection; technical success of ablation; and complications were tabulated.
Two to three 22G spinal needles were required per case for adequate dissection. Mean volume to obtain sufficient hydrodissection was 410 ml on average. Physical separation of the IVC and tumour/hepatic parenchyma was successful in all cases, by 9 mm on average (range 5–12 mm). It also leaded to physical separation of the ostia of the right and middle HV in all cases. There was no early or delayed complication, notably no venous thrombosis in the post-operative period. All lesions but one were completely ablated after one session at 3-month follow-up. The patient with residual tumour was successfully retreated.
Retrohepatic hydrodissection is a feasible technique to separate a tumour from the IVC and/or ostia of the HV. This could potentially limit the heat-sink effect/reduce the risk of thrombosis. Larger follow-up studies are required to assess efficacy on a long-term basis.
KeywordsThermal ablation IVC Hepatic vein Hydrodissection Heat-sink effect
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
Julien Garnon is a proctor for Galil Medical and received fees for presentations for Canon and Medtronic. Roberto Luigi Cazzato received fees for oral presentation for Medtronic. Afshin Gangi is a proctor for Galil Medical.
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