Approach, Technical Success, Complications, and Stent Patency of Sharp Recanalization for the Treatment of Chronic Venous Occlusive Disease: Experience in 123 Patients
To report the technical success and complications following sharp recanalization of chronic venous occlusions.
Materials and Methods
A total of 123 patients, including 75 (61.0%) men and 48 (39.0%) women, with mean age of 50.5 ± 17.5 years (range 19–90 years), underwent sharp recanalization of chronic venous occlusions. The etiologies of occlusion were chronic deep venous thrombosis (n = 43; 35.0%), prior central venous access (n = 39; 31.7%), indwelling cardiac leads (n = 21; 17.1%), and occluded venous stents (n = 20; 16.3%). The sites of venous occlusion included 59/123 (48.0%) thoracic central veins, 37 (30.1%) non-thoracic central veins, and 27 (22.0%) peripheral veins. Median length of occlusion was 3.2 ± 1.4 cm (range 1.3–10.9 cm).
Sharp recanalization was most commonly attempted with transseptal needles in 108/123 (87.8%), with a mean number of 1.2 ± 0.4 crossing devices per patient (range 1–4 devices). Targeting devices included a loop snare (n = 92; 74.8%), partially deployed Wallstent (n = 21; 17.1%), partially deployed Amplatzer vascular plug (n = 8; 6.5%), and an angioplasty balloon (n = 3; 2.4%). Technical success was achieved in 111 (90.2%) patients. There were 3 (2.4%) severe, 1 (0.8%) moderate, and 7 (5.7%) minor adverse events. Severe adverse events included 1 case each of pericardial tamponade, hemothorax, and inferior vena cava filter occlusion. 88 (71.5%) patients had venous stents placed; at the last follow-up examination, 68/86 (79.0%) stents were patent.
Sharp recanalization has a high technical success and low rate of adverse events in the recanalization of chronic venous occlusions.
KeywordsChronic venous occlusion Chronic venous occlusive disease Central venous occlusion Sharp recanalization Transseptal needle Venous reconstruction
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
This study has obtained Institutional Review Board Approval, and the need for informed consent was waived.
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