CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 95–100 | Cite as

Establishing a Platform for Interest and Education in Interventional Radiology Amongst Radiology Trainees

  • Warren ClementsEmail author
  • Gerard S. Goh
  • Julian Nguyen
  • John Vrazas
  • Chris Rogan
  • Gabriel Lau
  • Tim Joseph
Clinical Investigation Other
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Other



Over recent times, procedural Radiologists have begun to establish themselves as the distinct subspecialty of Interventional Radiology (IR). The Interventional Radiology Society of Australasia (IRSA) was established in 1982 to share collaborative ideas, encourage research, and promote education. IRSA developed a weekend registrar workshop attended by Radiology Registrars from Australia and New Zealand. In the 2018 event, we surveyed the Registrars to identify their interest in IR training before and after the workshop.

Materials and Methods

The event was held over a weekend and consisted of both lectures and hands-on workshops. A survey was handed to all 67 registrants of the workshop and there was a 55% response rate including 78% of females in attendance.


Before the workshop, trainees rated their interest in IR training at a mean of 3.7 out of 5. After the workshop, trainees rated their interest in IR training as an average of 4.4 out of 5 (p < 0.001). The difference in interest between males and females before the workshop (4.0 vs. 3.1) was significant (p = 0.003), however after the workshop (4.5 vs. 4.1) was not significant (p = 0.07). The change in interest from attending the workshop was significant between genders, p = 0.03 (male interest increased mean 0.5, female increased mean 1.0).


We show that a program of lectures and workshops designed to generate interest in IR leads to a significant increase in training interest, particularly amongst females. Other subspecialty groups should consider this type of intervention and promote ongoing education and inspiration.

Level of Evidence

Cross-sectional study, Level IV.


Training Interventional Radiology IRSA RANZCR Workshop 



The authors would like to acknowledge the efforts of previous IRSA Registrar Conference convenors, in particular Dr. Glen Schlaphoff who has been instrumental in designing the current workshop format. We would also like to acknowledge the Interventional Radiology Society of Australasia and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists.

Authors’ Contributions

All authors contributed to the production of this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no relevant conflicts of interest.

Consent for Publication

Consent for publication was obtained for every individual person’s data included in the study.

Ethics Approval and Consent to Participate

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


  1. 1.
    Kaufman JA, Reekers JA, Burnes JP, et al. Special communications. Global statement defining Interventional Radiology. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2010;21(8):1147–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rosch J, Keller FS, Kaufman JA. The birth, early years, and future of Interventional Radiology. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003;14:841–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    RANZCR: About the college [Internet]. Cited June 2018. Accessed 22 June 2018.
  4. 4.
    Tsetis D, Uberoi R, Fanelli F, et al. The provision of Interventional Radiology services in Europe: CIRSE recommendations. Cardiovasc Interv Radiol. 2016;39(4):500–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Buddeberg-Fischer B, Stamm M. The medical profession and young physicians’ lifestyles in flux: challenges for specialty training and health care delivery systems. Swiss Med Wkly. 2010;140:w13134.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vazquez Perez Y, Kesselman A, Abbey-Mensah G, Walsh J. A glance at gender-specific preferences influencing Interventional Radiology selection. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2016;27(1):142–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Leong FTL, Hardin EE, Gaylor M. Career specialty choice: a combined research-intervention project. J Vocat Behav. 2005;67(1):69–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Subramaniam RM. RSNA clinical trials methodology workshop. Radiology. 2006;241(3):651–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Englander MJ, Belli AM. Women can lead the way for the future of Interventional Radiology. Endovasc Today. 2018;17(1):78–80.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jaschke W, Bartal G, Trianni A. Belli AM4. Fighting the gender gap in Interventional Radiology: facts and fiction relating to radiation. Cardiovasc Interv Radiol. 2018;41(8):1254–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee AM, Lee MJ. Teaching IR to medical students: a call to action. Cardiovasc Interv Radiol. 2018;41(2):203–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    de Gregorio MA, Guirola JA, Sierre S, Serrano-Casorran C, Gimeno MJ, Urbano J. Interventional Radiology and Spanish medical students: a survey of knowledge and interests in preclinical and clinical courses. Cardiovasc Interv Radiol. 2018. Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ghatan CE, Kuo WT, Hofmann LV, Kothary N. Making the case for early medical student education in Interventional Radiology: a survey of 2nd-year students in a single U.S. institution. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2010;21(4):549–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    O’Malley L, Atherya S. Awareness and level of knowledge of Interventional Radiology among medical students at a Canadian institution. Acad Radiol. 2012;19(7):894–901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hoffman JC, Singh A, Szaflarski D, et al. Evaluating current and recent fellows’ perceptions on the interventional radiology residency: results of a United States survey. Diagn Interv Imaging. 2018;99(1):9–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Atiiga PA, Drozd M, Veettil R. Awareness, knowledge, and interest in Interventional Radiology among final year medical students in England. Clin Radiol. 2017;72(9):795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fan W, Yan Z. Factors affecting response rates of the web survey: a systematic review. Comput Hum Behav. 2010;26(2):132–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nulty DD. The adequacy of response rates to online and paper surveys: What can be done? Assess Eval High Educ. 2008;33(3):301–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyAlfred HealthMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyWestern HealthSt AlbansAustralia
  4. 4.Melbourne Institute of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyCollingwoodAustralia
  5. 5.Department of RadiologyRoyal Prince Alfred HospitalSydneyAustralia
  6. 6.Pacific Radiology, Otago/SouthlandDunedinNew Zealand
  7. 7.Department of RadiologyDunedin Public HospitalDunedinNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations