Rectal Venous Malformation Treated by Superior Rectal Artery Embolization
A 25-year-old female was referred to the Interventional Radiology Department for investigation and treatment of a rectal venous malformation (RVM) causing large recurrent episodes of rectal bleeding and chronic anaemia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a large venous malformation affecting the rectum, lower pelvis and left thigh. After three failed attempts at injection foam sclerotherapy using fluoroscopic colonoscopy, a multidisciplinary team proposed an embolization procedure of the arterial inflow to the venous malformation. Following discussion with the patient, embolization of the superior rectal arteries was undertaken with immediate on-table fluoroscopic improvement in the RVM. Post-treatment, a significant reduction in bleeding, was reported by day 10 with subsequent return to activities of daily living and full employment. Follow-up MRI at 1 year demonstrated significant reduction in bowel-wall thickening.
KeywordsKlippel–Trenaunay syndrome KTS Embolization Venous malformation Varicose
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.