Interventional Management of Subcapsular Hepatic Hematoma with Hepatic Compartment Syndrome After Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

  • Hyoung Nam LeeEmail author
  • Sung Gi Cho
  • Woong Hee Lee
Case Report


Hepatic compartment syndrome is an increase in intrahepatic pressure sufficient to cause compromised hepatic perfusion. Early recognition and prompt management are essential for preventing catastrophic consequences including ischemic liver failure and hypovolemic shock. This is the rare case of laparoscopic adrenalectomy resulting in subcapsular hepatic hematoma with hepatic compartment syndrome. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography demonstrated extensive subcapsular hepatic hematoma with collapse of portal vein and inferior vena cava suggesting impending compartment syndrome. Diagnostical catheter angiography of the liver revealed innumerable foci of petechial extravasation from disrupted isolated arteries. Emergent percutaneous catheter decompression and transarterial embolization were successful.


Subcapsular hepatic hematoma Hepatic compartment syndrome Laparoscopic adrenalectomy Therapeutic embolization Percutaneous catheter drainage 



Computed tomography


Postoperative day


Inferior vena cava


Digital subtraction angiography


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Consent for publication was obtained for every individual person’s data included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologySoonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan HospitalCheonan-siRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical CenterSungkyunkwan University School of MedicineSeoulRepublic of Korea

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