A Systematic Review of Prostatic Artery Embolization in the Treatment of Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
- 1.4k Downloads
To summarize current evidence on outcomes and complications of prostatic artery embolization as a treatment for patients with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Methods and Materials
A database search of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library was performed for published literature up to August 2015 concerning PAE in the treatment of BPH. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied by two independent reviewers, and disagreements were resolved by consensus. Peer-reviewed studies concerning PAE with BPH with a sample size >10 and at least one measured parameter were included.
The search yielded 193 articles, of which ten studies representing 788 patients, with a mean age of 66.97 years, were included. Patients had LUTS ranging from moderate to severe. At 6 months following procedure, PV, PVR, Qmax, IPSS, and QoL were significantly improved (P < 0.05), while for PSA there was no significant change. At 12 and 24 months, PV, PSA, PVR, Qmax, IPSS, and QoL were significantly improved (P < 0.05). IIEF was unchanged at 6 and 12 months but was significantly reduced at 24 months.
This suggests that PAE is effective in treating LUTS in the short and intermediate term.
KeywordsProstate artery embolisation BPH Quality of life
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts of interest or financial disclosures to declare for M. Kuang, A. Vu, or S. Athreya.
- 1.Lepor H. Pathophysiology of lower urinary tract symptoms in the aging male population. Rev Urol. 2005;7(Suppl 7):S3.Google Scholar
- 20.Pisco JM, Rio Tinto H, Campos Pinheiro L, Bilhim T, Duarte M, Fernandes L, Pereira J, Oliveira AG. Embolization of prostatic arteries as treatment of moderate to severe lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign hyperplasia: results of short- and mid-term follow-up. Eur Radiol. 2013;23(9):2561–72.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 22.OCEBM Levels of Evidence Working Group. The Oxford levels of evidence 2. Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine; 2011.Google Scholar
- 23.Fujimura T, Kume H, Nishimatsu H, Sugihara T, Nomiya A, Tsurumaki Y, Miyazaki H, Suzuki M, Fukuhara H, Enomoto Y, Homma Y. Assessment of lower urinary tract symptoms in men by international prostate symptom score and core lower urinary tract symptom score. BJU Int. 2012;109(1):1512–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 25.Cornu JN, Ahyai S, Bachmann A, de la Rosette J, Gilling P, Gratzke C, McVary K, Novara G, Woo H, Madersbacher S. A systematic review and meta-analysis of functional outcomes and complications following transurethral procedures for lower urinary tract symptoms resulting from benign prostatic obstruction: an update. Eur Urol. 2015;67(6):1066–96.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 26.Taher A. Erectile dysfunction after transurethral resection of the prostate: incidence and risk factors. J Urol. 2004;22(6):457–60.Google Scholar