CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 470–473 | Cite as

Combination of Surgical Drainage and Renal Artery Embolization: An Alternative Treatment for Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis

  • Anand Upasani
  • Alex Barnacle
  • Derek Roebuck
  • Abraham Cherian
Case Report


Conventionally, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is treated with antibiotics and drainage of abscess followed by nephrectomy for definitive treatment. Surgical excision of the affected kidney carries risk of significant complications. An alternative treatment modality is described in the form of embolization of the renal artery to devascularise the renal parenchyma and ablate the renal tissue, thus avoiding a major surgical procedure and the significant risks involved.


Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis Renal artery embolization 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

Renal artery embolization is an established technique and treatment modality; hence, ethical approval was not required.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Further, there is no identifiable information in this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anand Upasani
    • 1
  • Alex Barnacle
    • 2
  • Derek Roebuck
    • 2
  • Abraham Cherian
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Paediatric UrologyGreat Ormond Street HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Great Ormond Street HospitalLondonUK

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