Percutaneous Transhepatic Embolization of a Bronchobiliary Fistula Developing Secondary to a Biloma After Conventional Transarterial Chemoembolization in a Patient with Hepatocellular Carcinoma
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A 53-year-old male underwent conventional transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) (using a combination of doxorubicin, lipiodol, and gelfoam) twice for treatment of multiple hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at our institution. Several tumors were located in the right lobe of the liver. His past medical history was significant and included lung and gastric cancer. He had undergone left lower lung lobectomy to treat a non-small cell lung cancer 4 years prior and subtotal gastrectomy with gastro-jejunostomy (the Billroth II operation) to treat advanced gastric cancer 3 years prior.
KeywordsBile Duct Tace Biliary Drainage Percutaneous Drainage Bile Duct Stricture
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors (Hyun Young Kim, Se Hwan Kwon, Joo Hyeong Oh, Jong Soo Shin, Seok-Ho Dong, Myung Jae Park, Sun Jin Park) have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from the patient.