CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 1352–1355 | Cite as

Embolization of a Giant Intercostal Aneurysm and Arteriovenous Malformation

  • Lawrence BonneEmail author
  • Piet Vanhoenacker
  • Luc Defreyne
Letter to the Editor


Intercostal aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations (AVM) and fistulas (AVF) are rare lesions. Only a few cases have been described in the literature [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]. Most lesions are considered to be acquired, i.e., secondary to trauma or iatrogenic, although some cases may be congenital in origin [1, 6, 7, 8, 10]. We present a case of a giant intercostal artery aneurysm associated with a paravertebral pleural arteriovenous malformation in a young patient, which was treated by embolization with coils and glue, using a bilateral transarterial approach.

Case Report

A 41-year-old male patient presented to our hospital for routine follow-up of pneumonia. In the previous years, the patient had suffered from two spontaneous bilateral pneumothoraces which were treated by drainage. Physical examination was unremarkable. Chest auscultation was normal. Chest radiography showed a mass in the posterior mediastinum. Further investigation with MRI and endoscopic...


Thoracic Aorta Arteriovenous Malformation Spontaneous Pneumothorax Intercostal Artery Giant Aneurysm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence Bonne
    • 1
    Email author
  • Piet Vanhoenacker
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luc Defreyne
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyOLV Hospital Aalst-Asse-NinoveAalstBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyUniversity Hospital GhentGhentBelgium

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