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CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 1488–1491 | Cite as

Transnodal Lymphangiography in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Genital Lymphedema

  • F. M. GómezEmail author
  • J. Martínez-Rodrigo
  • L. Martí-Bonmatí
  • E. Santos
  • I. Forner
  • M. Lloret
  • D. Pérez-Enguix
  • R. García-Marcos
Technical Note

Abstract

Purpose

To report the success of groin nodal lymphography in the diagnosis and treatment of genital lymphedema.

Methods and Materials

We present one female (8 years old [patient no. 1]) and two male (69 and [patient no. 2] 31 years old [patient no. 3], respectively) patients with genital lymphedema in whom conservative treatment failed. The girl also had lymphorrhagia. Genital lymphedema was caused by radical cystectomy (patient no. 2), lymphatic hyperplasia (patient no. 1), and idiopathic lymphangitis (patient no. 3). All of them underwent ultrasound-guided bilateral groin lymph node puncture. Afterward, 4–8 ml Lipiodol Ultra-Fluide (Guerbet) were injected at a rate of 0.2 ml/s. Lipiodol progression was assessed by fluoroscopy. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis was performed immediately after and again at 24 h after the procedure to confirm the leak. The follow-up period was 15, 13, and 9 months, respectively. Technical success was considered as bilateral pelvic and abdominal filling of lymphatic vessels. Therapeutic success was considered as improvement or disappearance of genital lymphedema and/or lymphorrhagia.

Results

Lipiodol leak to the scrotum was observed in patients no. 2 and 3. Lymphaticopelvic fistula and genital lymphatic hyperplasia were seen in patient no. 1. Genital lymphedema diminished within 1 week and almost disappeared in two cases (patients no. 1 and 3) or significantly improved (patient no. 2). lymphorrhagia also resolved in patient no. 1. No recurrence or worsening was detected during follow-up.

Conclusion

Therapeutic lymphangiography by lymph node injection seems to be effective to treat genital lymphedema. Lymph node puncture lymphangiography is feasible and less cumbersome than pedal lymphangiography.

Keywords

Diagnostic Sub-specialty/technique Non-vascular interventions Specialty Urogenital Organ 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. M. Gómez
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Martínez-Rodrigo
    • 1
  • L. Martí-Bonmatí
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. Santos
    • 3
  • I. Forner
    • 4
  • M. Lloret
    • 1
  • D. Pérez-Enguix
    • 1
  • R. García-Marcos
    • 1
  1. 1.Servicio de RadiologíaHospital Universitario y Politécnico La FeValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de MedicinaUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  4. 4.Servicio de Medicina Física y RehabilitaciónHospital Universitario y Politécnico La FeValenciaSpain

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