CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 1475–1479 | Cite as

Efficacy of Lower-Body Shielding in Computed Tomography Fluoroscopy-Guided Interventions

  • Andreas H. Mahnken
  • Martin Sedlmair
  • Christine Ritter
  • Rosemarie Banckwitz
  • Thomas Flohr
Laboratory Investigation



Computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy-guided interventions pose relevant radiation exposure to the interventionalist. The goal of this study was to analyze the efficacy of lower-body shielding as a simple structural method for decreasing radiation dose to the interventionalist without limiting access to the patient.

Material and Methods

All examinations were performed with a 128-slice dual source CT scanner (12 × 1.2-mm collimation; 120 kV; and 20, 40, 60, and 80 mAs) and an Alderson-Rando phantom. Scatter radiation was measured with an ionization chamber and a digital dosimeter at standardized positions and heights with and without a lower-body lead shield (0.5-mm lead equivalent; Kenex, Harlow, UK). Dose decreases were computed for the different points of measurement.


On average, lower-body shielding decreased scatter radiation by 38.2% within a 150-cm radius around the shielding. This decrease is most significant close to the gantry opening and at low heights of 50 and 100 cm above the floor with a maximum decrease of scatter radiation of 95.9% close to the scanner’s isocentre. With increasing distance to the gantry opening, the effect decreased. There is almost no dose decrease effect at ≥150 above the floor. Scatter radiation and its decrease were linearly correlated with the tube current-time product (r 2 = 0.99), whereas percent scatter radiation decrease was independent of the tube current-time product.


Lower-body shielding is an effective way to decrease radiation exposure to the interventionalist and should routinely be used in CT fluoroscopy-guided interventions.


Radiation protection Fluoroscopy Computed tomography Interventional radiology Scatter radiation 


Conflict of interest

M. S., R. B., and T. F. are employees of Siemens’ Healthcare Sector. A. H. M. and C. R. have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas H. Mahnken
    • 1
    • 2
  • Martin Sedlmair
    • 3
  • Christine Ritter
    • 4
  • Rosemarie Banckwitz
    • 3
  • Thomas Flohr
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic and Interventional RadiologyRWTH AachenAachenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Applied Medical Engineering Helmholtz InstituteRWTH AachenAachenGermany
  3. 3.Healthcare SectorSiemensForchheimGermany
  4. 4.Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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