CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 835–839 | Cite as

Radiofrequency Ablation of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Preliminary Experience

  • Gianpaolo CarrafielloEmail author
  • Domenico Laganà
  • Elisa Cotta
  • Monica Mangini
  • Federico Fontana
  • Francesca Bandiera
  • Carlo Fugazzola
Work In Progress


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous ultrasound (US)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICCA) in a small, nonrandomized series. From February 2004 to July 2008, six patients (four men and two women; mean age 69.8 years [range 48 to 83]) with ICCA underwent percutaneous US-guided RFA. Preintervetional transarterial embolization was performed in two cases to decrease heat dispersion during RFA in order to increase the area of ablation. The efficacy of RFA was evaluated using contrast-enhanced dynamic computed tomography (CT) 1 month after treatment and then every 3 months thereafter. Nine RFA sessions were performed for six solid hepatic tumors in six patients. The duration of follow-up ranged from 13 to 21 months (mean 17.5). Posttreatment CT showed total necrosis in four of six tumors after one or two RFA sessions. Residual tumor was observed in two patients with larger tumors (5 and 5.8 cm in diameter). All patients tolerated the procedure, and there with no major complications. Only 1 patient developed post-RFA syndrome (pain, fever, malaise, and leukocytosis), which resolved with oral administration of acetaminophen. Percutaneous RFA is a safe and effective treatment for patients with hepatic tumors: It is ideally suited for those who are not eligible for surgery. Long-term follow-up data regarding local and systemic recurrence and survival are still needed.


Interventional radiology Radiofrequency ablation Cholangiocarcinoma 


Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
    • 1
    Email author
  • Domenico Laganà
    • 1
  • Elisa Cotta
    • 1
  • Monica Mangini
    • 1
  • Federico Fontana
    • 1
  • Francesca Bandiera
    • 1
  • Carlo Fugazzola
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Insubria c/o Ospedale di CircoloVareseItaly

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