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CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 687–694 | Cite as

Transarterial Infusion Chemotherapy Using Cisplatin-Lipiodol Suspension With or Without Embolization for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Tomokazu Kawaoka
  • Hiroshi AikataEmail author
  • Shintaro Takaki
  • Yoshio Katamura
  • Akira Hiramatsu
  • Koji Waki
  • Shoichi Takahashi
  • Masashi Hieda
  • Naoyuki Toyota
  • Katsuhide Ito
  • Kazuaki Chayama
Clinical Investigation

Abstract

We evaluate the long-term prognosis and prognostic factors in patients treated with transarterial infusion chemotherapy using cisplatin-lipiodol (CDDP/LPD) suspension with or without embolization for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Study subjects were 107 patients with HCC treated with repeated transarterial infusion chemotherapy alone using CDDP/LPD (adjusted as CDDP 10mg/LPD 1ml). The median number of transarterial infusion procedures was two (range, one to nine), the mean dose of CDDP per transarterial infusion chemotherapy session was 30 mg (range, 5.0–67.5 mg), and the median total dose of transarterial infusion chemotherapy per patient was 60 mg (range, 10–390 mg). Survival rates were 86% at 1 year, 40% at 3 years, 20% at 5 years, and 16% at 7 years. For patients with >90% LPD accumulation after the first transarterial infusion chemotherapy, rates were 98% at 1 year, 60% at 3 years, and 22% at 5 years. Multivariate analysis identified >90% LPD accumulation after the first transarterial infusion chemotherapy (p = 0.001), absence of portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT; p < 0.001), and Child-Pugh class A (p = 0.012) as independent determinants of survival. Anaphylactic shock was observed in two patients, at the fifth transarterial infusion chemotherapy session in one and the ninth in the other. In conclusion, transarterial infusion chemotherapy with CDDP/LPD appears to be a useful treatment option for patients with unresectable HCC without PVTT and in Child-Pugh class A. LPD accumulation after the first transarterial infusion chemotherapy is an important prognostic factor. Careful consideration should be given to the possibility of anaphylactic shock upon repeat infusion with CDDP/LPD.

Keywords

Hepatocellular carcinoma Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization Cisplatin-lipiodol suspension Arterial infusion chemotherapy Prognosis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomokazu Kawaoka
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Aikata
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shintaro Takaki
    • 1
  • Yoshio Katamura
    • 1
  • Akira Hiramatsu
    • 1
  • Koji Waki
    • 1
  • Shoichi Takahashi
    • 1
  • Masashi Hieda
    • 2
  • Naoyuki Toyota
    • 2
  • Katsuhide Ito
    • 2
  • Kazuaki Chayama
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine and Molecular Science, Division of Frontier Medical Science, Programs for Applied Biomedicine, Graduate School of Biomedical ScienceHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Division of Medical Intelligence and Informatics, Programs for Applied Biomedicine, Graduate School of Biomedical ScienceHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan

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