CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 1053–1058 | Cite as

3D Stereoscopic Visualization of Fenestrated Stent Grafts

  • Zhonghua Sun
  • Andrew Squelch
  • Andrew Bartlett
  • Kylie Cunningham
  • Michael Lawrence-Brown
Technical Note


The purpose of this study was to present a technique of stereoscopic visualization in the evaluation of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with fenestrated stent grafts compared with conventional 2D visualizations. Two patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm undergoing fenestrated stent grafting were selected for inclusion in the study. Conventional 2D views including axial, multiplanar reformation, maximum-intensity projection, and volume rendering and 3D stereoscopic visualizations were assessed by two experienced reviewers independently with regard to the treatment outcomes of fenestrated repair. Interobserver agreement was assessed with Kendall’s W statistic. Multiplanar reformation and maximum-intensity projection visualizations were scored the highest in the evaluation of parameters related to the fenestrated stent grafting, while 3D stereoscopic visualization was scored as valuable in the evaluation of appearance (any distortions) of the fenestrated stent. Volume rendering was found to play a limited role in the follow-up of fenestrated stent grafting. 3D stereoscopic visualization adds additional information that assists endovascular specialists to identify any distortions of the fenestrated stents when compared with 2D visualizations.


Fenestrated stent graft Stereoscopic visualization Two-dimensional visualization Follow-up 



We thank Gil Stevenson for his assistance with the statistical analysis of results. The study was supported by a iVEC industry uptake grant.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhonghua Sun
    • 1
  • Andrew Squelch
    • 2
    • 3
  • Andrew Bartlett
    • 4
  • Kylie Cunningham
    • 5
  • Michael Lawrence-Brown
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Imaging and Applied PhysicsCurtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Exploration GeophysicsCurtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia
  3. 3.iVEC, “The hub of advanced computing in Western Australia,” ARRC, Technology ParkPerthAustralia
  4. 4.Zenith Planning ServicePerthAustralia
  5. 5.Cook R&DPerthAustralia
  6. 6.School of Public HealthCurtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia

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