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CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 155–160 | Cite as

Lipid-Altering Therapies and the Progression of Atherosclerotic Disease

  • Anthony S. WierzbickiEmail author
REVIEW

Abstract

Lipids play a key role in the progression of atherosclerosis, and lipid-lowering therapies have been studied for 30 years in coronary disease. Measurement of the progression of atherosclerosis through carotid intima-media thickness, coronary mean lumen diameter, and, mostly recently, intravascular ultrasound is generally accepted. This article reviews the role of lipid-lowering therapies in changing the rate of atherosclerosis progression in the coronary and carotid circulations. Statins are the primary therapy used to reduce atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events, including strokes and transient ischemic attacks, and have benefits in reducing events in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. In contrast, data for other agents, including fibrates and nicotinic acid, in reducing the progression of atherosclerosis are less extensive and not as well known. There is increasing interest in optimizing the whole lipid profile, as this might deliver extra benefits over and above statin therapy alone. Initial proof of this concept has recently come from studies that measured the progression of atherosclerosis and showed that adding nicotinic acid to statin therapy and, more directly, infusion of high-density lipoprotein-like particles reduced progression and indeed might induce regression of the disease. It is likely that the management of significant carotid stenosis will become ever more drug focused and will be customized to the lipid profile of each patient with intervention reserved only for late-stage symptomatic disease.

Keywords

Atherosclerosis Statin Cholesterol Interventional radiology Intravascular ultrasound Intima-media thickness Stroke Peripheral vascular disease HDL cholesterol LDL cholesterol 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This review is based on a talk given at the Annual Congress of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe in Nice 2005. Dr. Wierzbicki has received honoraria for lectures and advisory boards as well as travel and research grants from Astra-Zeneca, Bristol-Myers-Squibb, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck kGA, Merck, Sharp & Dohme, Novartis, Pfizer, Sanofi-Aventis, Schering-Plough, Solvay-Fournier, and Takeda.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical PathologySt. Thomas’ HospitalLondonUK

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