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CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 1132–1135 | Cite as

Hemophilia A Pseudoaneurysm in a Patient with High Responding Inhibitors Complicating Total Knee Arthroplasty: Embolization: A Cost-Reducing Alternative to Medical Therapy

  • Ralph KickuthEmail author
  • Suzanne Anderson
  • Kristiina Peter-Salonen
  • Bernhard Lämmle
  • Stefan Eggli
  • Jürgen Triller
CASE REPORT

Abstract

Joint hemorrhages are very common in patients with severe hemophilia. Inhibitors in patients with hemophilia are allo-antibodies that neutralize the activity of the clotting factor. After total knee replacement, rare intra-articular bleeding complications might occur that do not respond to clotting factor replacement. We report a 40-year-old male with severe hemophilia A and high responding inhibitors presenting with recurrent knee joint hemorrhage after bilateral knee prosthetic surgery despite adequate clotting factor treatment. There were two episodes of marked postoperative hemarthrosis requiring extensive use of subsititution therapy. Eleven days postoperatively, there was further hemorrhage into the right knee. Digital subtraction angiography diagnosed a complicating pseudoaneurysm of the inferior lateral geniculate artery and embolization was successfully performed. Because clotting factor replacement therapy has proved to be excessively expensive and prolonged, especially in patients with inhibitors, we recommend the use of cost-effective early angiographic embolization.

Keywords

Digital subtraction angiography Embolization Hemarthrosis Hemophilia Inhibitors Interventional radiology Pseudoaneurysm 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph Kickuth
    • 1
    Email author
  • Suzanne Anderson
    • 1
  • Kristiina Peter-Salonen
    • 2
  • Bernhard Lämmle
    • 2
  • Stefan Eggli
    • 3
  • Jürgen Triller
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Pediatric RadiologyInselspital, University of BerneBerneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of HematologyInselspital, University of BerneBerneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryInselspital, University of BerneBerneSwitzerland

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