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CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 241–248 | Cite as

Emergency Endovascular Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Feasibility and Results

  • Domenico LaganàEmail author
  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
  • Monica Mangini
  • Federico Fontana
  • Roberto Caronno
  • Patrizio Castelli
  • Salvatore Cuffari
  • Carlo Fugazzola
WORK IN PROGRESS

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of emergency endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs).

Methods

During 36 months we treated, on an emergency basis, 30 AAAs with endovascular exclusion. In 21 hemodynamically stable patients preoperative CT angiography (CTA) was performed to confirm the diagnosis and to plan the treatment; 9 patients with hemorrhagic shock were evaluated with angiography performed in the operating room. Twenty-two Excluder (Gore) and 8 Zenith (Cook) stent-grafts (25 bifurcated and 5 aorto-uni-iliac) were used. The follow-up was performed by CTA at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months.

Results

Technical success was achieved in 100% of cases with a 10% mortality rate. The total complication rate was 23% (5 increases in serum creatinine level and 2 wound infections). During the follow-up, performed in 27 patients (1–36 months, mean 15.2 months), 4 secondary endoleaks (15%) (3 type II, 2 spontaneously thrombosed and 1 under observation, and 1 type III treated by iliac extender insertion) and 1 iliac leg occlusion (treated with femoro-femoral bypass) occurred. We observed a shrinkage of the aneurysmal sac in 8 of 27 cases and stability in 19 of 27 cases; we did not observe any endotension.

Conclusions

Endovascular repair is a good option for emergency treatment of AAAs. The team’s experience allows correct planning of the procedure in emergency situations also, with technical results comparable with elective repair. In our experience the bifurcated stent-graft is the device of choice in patients with suitable anatomy because the procedure is less time-consuming than aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafting with surgical crossover, allowing faster aneurysm exclusion. However, further studies are required to demonstrate the long-term efficacy of endovascular repair compared with surgical treatment.

Keywords

Abdominal aortic aneurysm Endovascular treatment Rupture Stent-grafts 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Domenico Laganà
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
    • 1
  • Monica Mangini
    • 1
  • Federico Fontana
    • 1
  • Roberto Caronno
    • 2
  • Patrizio Castelli
    • 2
  • Salvatore Cuffari
    • 3
  • Carlo Fugazzola
    • 1
  1. 1.Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of RadiologyUniversity of InsubriaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Vascular SurgeryUniversity of InsubriaViale Borri, 57Italy
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of InsubriaViale Borri, 57Italy

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