Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 203–213 | Cite as

On the greenish-yellow color of natural Brazilian titanite

  • E. L. TolentinoJr.
  • C. H. Dias
  • M. L. S. C. ChavesEmail author
  • K. Krambrock
  • M. V. B. Pinheiro
Original Paper


Natural greenish-yellow titanites from two localities in Brazil (Bananal/Capelinha, MG and Xambioá, TO) were characterized by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and optical absorption. Along with vanadyl ions (VO2+) substituting Ti4+, two other paramagnetic centers were identified: the Fe3+ and the Mn2+. For the VO2+, the principal values and orientations of the g and A tensors were derived from a careful analysis of the angular dependence of the EPR spectra. The obtained results, although different to previously reported data, still support the model for the VO2+ bonds to the nearest oxygen (O1) in the TiO6-distorted octahedra. In addition, the titanite optical absorption spectra were analyzed, and the yellow color was ascribed to Fe3+ ↔ O2− ligand–metal charge transfer transitions (LMCT) in the near-ultraviolet, extending to the violet and blue spectral ranges. The VO2+ center seen by EPR was in low concentration and had no visible effect on the color. Finally, γ-irradiation up to 200 kGy and thermal treatments in oxidizing/reducing atmospheres up to 600–700 °C also had no big influence on the dominant yellow color.


Titanite Color EPR Vanadyl Iron 



The authors are grateful to CAPES—Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, CNPq—Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and FAPEMIG—Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais for grants and financial support.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Geociências (IGC)Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)Belo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Física, Instituto de Ciências Exatas (ICEx)Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)Belo HorizonteBrazil

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